Health and Wellness Type 2 Diabetes Explained!

Type II diabetes mellitus is the most common form of diabetes. It is estimated that approximately 898,800 Australians (4.4%) have diabetes based on self-reported data from the 2007-08 National Health Survey. The 1999-2000 Australian Diabetes, Obesity and Lifestyle study is the most recent national study to measure blood glucose levels to diagnose diabetes. It found that approximately 7.4% of Australians aged 25 years and over had diabetes. Around half the people surveyed were unaware they had diabetes. It occurs mostly in people aged 50 years and over but, although still uncommon in childhood is becoming increasingly recognized in that group. Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. The complications associated with diabetes have physical, social and economic consequences. They include hypoglycaemia and hyperglycaemia, both of which can have serious consequences for a person short and long term. Other long term complications of diabetes include retinopathy, cataracts, neuropathy, nephropathy, coronary heart disease and peripheral vascular disease. (Burden 2003). Risk Factors The number one factor contributing to type 2 diabetes is obesity, followed by increased age, family history and genetics. Indigenous Australians are also high risk as is Maori, Pacific Islanders or people of Asian descent. (New Zealand Guidelines group 2003) (Australian Institute of Health and Welfare). Pathology Diabetes is “a metabolic disorder of multiple aetiology characterised by chronic hyperglycaemia, with disturbances of carbohydrate, fat and protein metabolism resulting from defects in insulin secretion, insulin action, or both.” (New Zealand guidelines, group, 2003, p.1.) Type 2 diabetes is characterised by the body’s “resistance” to the usual effects of insulin and/or a decrease in the amount of insulin produced. (Smelter and Bare, 2000)....

Lose That Belly Fat

How to lose that belly fat has always been a battle for many people especially when they reach that age milestone, or should I say millstone, of menopause! However losing the fat from around your middle becomes even more difficult.  It isn’t just reserved to that age group, as we well know, it can be a problem at any age and is not sex discriminate. So how can we get rid of the fat and have the flat firm abs we have always wanted! I’m sorry if you thought I was going to give you a magic answer that required no work or commitment on your behalf you’re sadly mistaken, I know you have heard this all before as a friend of mine said, ” I joined the gym, purchased exercise DVDs and read about good nutrition but I didn’t lose my belly fat”! Well! I said you actually have to go to the gym, take the DVDs out of the wrapping and do the exercise and you need to change your diet and follow the nutritional plan!! ” You mean to say I have to do something”! Now not that I’m saying my friend did not understand her responsibility in the programme but like us all we want a quick easy answer when there isn’t one! So what does it take? Over the next few weeks I will be covering: 1. Fad Diets 2. Attend to Emotional issues 3. Sleep 4. Goal setting 5. Prioritise Yourself 6. Exercise 7. Staying focused 8. Healthy not thin 9. Support 10. Lifestyle I will give you the information but you have...